Tenses

Past Simple

used for statements with finished time, something in the past like , last week, yesterday

Present Perfect

  • used for statement with unfinished time, something that has not ended yet like this week, today
  • It has a helping verb ( have/has ) that is usually contracted because it’s not the main verb e.g. I’ve.
  • When a statement is negative then ‘not’ is contracted e.g. I haven’t

e.g.

The first example is of Past SImple because it happened yesterday – time Spent already
The second example is Present Perfect – the day is not ended so he can still eat. Notice the helping verb hasn’t, which is not the main verb, ‘eaten’ is the main verb

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